SAP Business Objects Tutorial
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SAP business objects tutorial data is organized as a collection of related objects dimensions, details and measures. You combine universe objects in a query which you run to generate a report. For example, a query containing the Customer dimension and the Revenue measure generates a report showing revenue generated by customer. Hierarchical data is organized as members in related hierarchies. For SAP business objects tutorial, a Geography hierarchy can contain levels showing countries, states and cities. A query built on the Geography hierarchy and Revenue measure generates a report showing revenue generated at different levels of the hierarchy revenue by country, by state and by city. The SAP business objects tutorial automatically calculates the revenue values at different levels of the hierarchy. If the query is based on a HANA universe, and if the views contain HANA variables or input parameters or both, there will be query prompts. If you add prompts in the SAP business objects tutorial pane, there could be a duplication of prompts. We recommend that you run the query prior to defining any query prompts to know what prompts may already exist.
In SAP business objects tutorial, HANA universes behave like any other relational UNX universe; variables and input parameters in SAP HANA online course information models are associated with the corresponding tables in the data foundation. When you have hierarchical members in a query, you use the Member Selector dialog box to select members of the hierarchy to appear in the report generated from the query result set. After you have selected members at SAP business objects tutorial, they appear below the hierarchy object in the Query Panel. You can select members explicitly, or implicitly through functions. For example, you can explicitly select the California and Los Angeles members of the Geography hierarchy. You can select the child members of the US member to give US states. You can also select the members included in a named set, for SAP business objects tutorial Top Cities by Revenue to include the cities that generate the most revenue. When you select a member of a hierarchy at a given level, all of the parent members in the hierarchy are selected.
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If you SAP business objects tutorial deselect a member when its parent member is already selected, all child members of the parent are also deselected. If you select a member with some of its child members already selected, all child members are selected. If you select a member when descendant members are already selected, all children of the member, and all siblings of the selected descendant members are also selected. All members above the selected member in the hierarchy are its ancestors. This SAP business objects tutorial adds the ancestor members of the member to the list of selected members. The members appear as Ancestors of [selected member] in the list. All members at the same level as the selected member and that share the same parent are its siblings. The SAP business objects tutorial members appear as Siblings of [selected member] in the list. This option adds the selected member and its sibling members to the list of selected members. The Siblings function is not available in BEx queries. You can select all members of a hierarchy to a specified depth.
All members of the selected SAP business objects tutorial hierarchy until the specified depth are displayed in the report. You can select members of a hierarchical object by level in the Levels tab in the SAP business objects tutorial, accessed from the Query Panel. When a hierarchy variable is defined on a characteristic, only one default hierarchy is displayed in the Query Panel universe outline. You can select all the SAP business objects tutorial members at a level in a hierarchy organized into levels in Web Intelligence Applet interface or Business Intelligence online course rich client accessed via the BI launch pad. An ambiguous query is a query that contains one or more objects that can potentially return two different types of information. In a universe, certain dimensions may have values that are used for two different purposes in the database. For SAP business objects tutorial, the Country dimension in the query below can return two types of information i.e., Customers and the country in which they spent their vacation, Customers and the country from which they have made their reservation. The role that Country plays in this query is ambiguous.
A country can be either the country where a vacation was sold, or a country where a vacation is reserved. One is existing information sales, and the other is future information reservations. To avoid SAP business objects tutorial ambiguities in a query, the universe designer identifies the different ways that objects can be used in the universe, and implements restrictions on how these objects can be combined. These SAP business objects tutorial restrictions are called contexts. A context is a defined group of objects that share a common business purpose. This business purpose is usually the type of information that these related objects represent. For SAP business objects tutorial, a sales context is a grouping of all the objects that can be used to create sales queries. A reservations context is a grouping of all the objects that can be used in reservation queries. Contexts are defined in the universe by the universe designer. You can combine any objects within the same context to create a query. You can also combine objects in different SAP business objects tutorial contexts.